Attention: Goji Berry Lovers...
How To Grow Your Own Goji Berry Plants.
Discover How You
Can Grow Your Own...
Goji Berries are also known as Lycium Barbarum or Chinese Wolfberry. The plants are deciduous, woody perennials and are very adaptable. They like lots of sun, preferring climates that are hot and dry in the summer, but they will grow just about anywhere, including in humid climates. Lycium Barbarum can tolerate very cold winters, and it thrives better in some areas than others. If you want to try growing your own, you'll just have to try it and see whether the plants like the climate you live in. You can also grow them in greenhouses.
There are several species and as many as 88 varieties. The most sought after species is Lycium Barbarum because it is the most nutritious.
At his time (2010) the only commercial source in the world for goji berries is from China or Mongolia. All shipments from Mongolia must go through China. This means that those of us who love our goji berries are beholden to the whims of the Chinese government in allowing goji trade as well as to the fears of the USDA in allowing the berries to be imported.
Remember Johnny Appleseed?
[Now think: Johnny Goji-seed]
YOU can be part of the Grass Roots (so to speak) Movement for Goji to become a common plant in the U.S.!
JOIN GOJI UNDERGROUND (and above-ground) TODAY!
All aboard the Goji Express! Do your little part! Lots of little goji plants make lots of goji berries and freedom from expensive and restrictive overseas government and shipping policies. FREEDOM NOW from Big Fruit tyranny!!!
All for one and one for all. Join the Goji Manifesto. Unite for superfruit!
At last, something we can all agree on!
How the West Was Won With Goji
Here is a true story of the American West. One of those embarrassing stories that makes us want to hang our heads in shame. But is has its upsides.
In 1969 the rush was on to connect the Central Pacific, coming from the east, and the Union Pacific, coming from the west, railroad lines to form the very first transcontinental railroad. On May 10, 1869, the two railroads finally were joined in Promontory Summit, Utah, in the forbidding Utah desert north of the Great Salt Lake. This meant that instead of it taking 4-6 months to cross the country by covered wagon, suddenly it took only 6 days on the train.
4000 workers were needed to lay the many miles of track over the Sierra mountains, which rose 7,000 feet in 100 miles, and through hot desert. Chinese labor had been used to build other California railroads, and now 3600 of them were hired once again at $28 per month (the other laborers were Irish.) The Chinese were considered to be efficient workers and far less troublesome than the Irish. The work was extremely dangerous, what with blasting through mountains and laying track and railroad ties over the treacherous terrain of the high Sierra mountains. They used primitive techniques such as chipping away at granite while hanging in baskets on ropes from the tops of cliffs. Many Chinese died in the harsh winters and perilous conditions.
The Chinese workers were known as "Celestials" (China is often called the "Celestial Kingdom.") They swarmed over the mountains, blasting rocks, shoveling, carting off rocks, drilling and wheeling earth. The Irish and other Americans were known as "Terrestials" (of the earth.) If it were not for these tireless Chinese workers and their families, the progress and development of the U.S. as a nation would have been delayed by many years. They labored for little money in terrible working conditions in severe weather. Their contribution was remarkable.
The Chinese workers lived in simple tent towns. They did all their own cooking, and when they arrived to work they brought a lot of traditional Chinese food in dried form, such as oysters, fish, mushrooms, seaweed and fruit, including goji berries. Traditionally, the Chinese cook many dishes with goji berries. The Chinese had large dining camps which moved as they moved along the railroad route, particularly the one at Dove Creek Camp, near Promontory, Utah, where they lived for a while, continuing to work for the Central Pacific Railroad.
The Celestials planted goji vines from seed and they threw out their garbage into the desert, which was also filled with goji seeds. When the Golden Spike was pounded into the last railroad tie, and the cleanup was complete, most of the Chinese workers returned to the West coast. The town of Promontory and Dove Creek Camp emptied of people and vanished into the terrible soil of the desert.
However, the goji berry seeds germinated and grew into tiny plants, then into bigger vines, and they have continued to thrive ever since for the past 141 years. The birds have eaten most of the yummy crop.
Plants have been dug up from this large, wild
patch of Lycium Barbarum and propagated. They are extremely hardy and grow fast
and vigorously. We have cuttings from this Chinese-American plant, this vibrant
piece of virtually unknown American history, available for your garden.
You can buy a goji plant from a nursery. But you can also grow healthy goji plants from plant cuttings or from seed.
Growing Goji Plants from Cuttings
We have developed healthy goji plant cuttings from strong, mature goji plants. We have excellent "bare root starts" which means you get a goji seedling with healthy roots. These grow quickly into large goji plants.
Our goji is Lycium Barbarum (it has been tested.)
Here is a happy goji cutting (or seedling) with healthy roots ready to be planted in soil. Our cuttings come with the roots encased in rock wool to keep them moist during shipping.
We are sending you 3 seedlings to make sure you have success in starting your goji hedge.
Prepare your soil from a mixture of worm castings and biological compost, with enough sand so that any excess of water can drain easily. The ratio should be 1/3 sand to soil. Goji berries grow in an alkaline soil of a ph of 8.2 to 8.6 in their natural habitat. The goji plants seem to thrive in a pH of 7.
We suggest planting your small Goji shrubs in 5 gallon buckets, with drain holes punched in the bottoms. That way you can move them around if you need to. The full size shrub can grow to 8 feet, and tends to be slightly wider than tall. However, they won't get that large in a bucket. This is because the plant stops growing once the roots hit bottom. Goji plant roots need to go deep. You want to create an environment where the roots can go deep rather than wide, and this is why a 5 gallon bucket works well.
It is better to start them inside. Once the plants have grown big and strong, you could plant them in a row outside, several feet apart. The goji plants will send out runners, and soon you will have a goji patch, so plan ahead for that.
The Goji plant is quite hardy. It likes full sun except in hot climates. What else would you expect from a plant that originated in the Himalayas?
Hopefully you’re not in a hurry for the berries. The shrubs don’t usually bear fruit until about the third year. But you can use the leaves in a salad while you wait. You’ll know your shrubs are about to bear fruit because you’ll start to get small purple/white trumpet flowers from summer until the first freeze.
You can get your Goji shrub to become more bushy by
nipping buds so that it forms more branches.
As your goji shrub grows, year after year, the berries will become larger and more nutritious. This is like the wine grape - older vines produce better grapes.
For 2 truly excellent articles by Donald R. Daugs about growing woflberries, click on these 2 links, especially the second one: Wolfberries: exceptional nutrition in a small package. Wolfberry update.
There are many places in England where wolfberry shrubs are used as hedges. They can be grown as a barrier along a road in place of a fence if desired.
Growing Goji Plants from Seed
Each goji berry has about 30 tiny yellow seeds inside. They are smaller than tomato seeds. These seeds can be germinated to grow goji plants.
If you wish, you can simulate a
hard winter by freezing the berries for about a month. (You can also skip
Plant the germinated berries about half an inch down in starter pots, deeper for very large berries. In our experience, it
will take 10-14 days for them to start coming up. The first green shoot
will have leaves so tiny that you have to look very carefully to even see them.
The plant is adaptable once it sprouts.
When the seedlings have outgrown their starter pots, you can put your small Goji
shrubs in 5 gallon buckets, with drain holes punched in the bottoms. That way
you can move them around if you need to. The full size shrub can grow to 8 feet,
and tends to be slightly wider than tall. However, they won't get that
large in a bucket. This is because the plant stops growing once the roots
Update, March 2009: In the two+ years that this article has been here, we've yet had anyone call to tell us that they've had great success growing a Goji hedge from seed. The only successes we've heard about are when the hedge was started with a cutting. You can take further cuttings once you've got one plant growing well. We now have a source for cuttings from a hedge that has been growing in Utah for about 150 years.
How did a Goji hedge get to Utah? Chinese labor was used to build the transcontinental railroad. Evidently the Chinese brought Goji berries with them. For some reason the goji plants took to the desert soil near where the east and west railroads joined. All this is a fascinating part of American history. You can research it further by searching for "golden spike."
You’ll want to be eating the berries while your Goji berry garden matures for a few years. After all, you’ll want to experience the powerful nutrition of the goji berries in the meantime. Why not buy more than just a few berries?
If you buy 9 pounds, that should last you about a year!
However, if you find yourself gulping them down because your body craves them,
this is a good thing, and you can buy more when you run out. Free
Free Priority Shipping
For more great information about Goji berries, including more Goji-growing tips, go to my Goji berries homepage.
P.S. As an avid gardener myself, I know what it's like to want to grow your own. But I also want to have the strength and energy to enjoy my gardening. There's nothing like the gentle buzz I get from eating a few handfuls of Goji Berries BEFORE I head out into the garden. By the time you've finished a 9 lb. bag, you'll know what I mean AND you'll be well on your way to growing your own crop of Goji Berries.